Who could have built such a complex structure 150,000 years ago, at a time when mankind had barely started using fire?
The Baigong pipes are one of the greatest mysteries of the ancient world. They can be found inside a badly-eroded pyramid standing on top of Mount Baigong in the Qinghai Province of northwestern China.
The collapsing pyramid once had triangular entrances on all three sides but over time, two of them caved in and are currently out of reach. The one that remains goes deep inside the mountain. Iron scraps and strange-looking stones litter the floor, suggesting that long time ago, this place saw activity.
The only surviving cave houses an intricate network of metal pipes, with diameters as large as 1.5 feet and as small as a toothpick. Dozens of pipes run straight into the mountain, leading who knows where.
Some of the archaeologists who inspected the site consider the pipework could have once supplied water inside the pyramid. Their theory seems to be backed up by a multitude of iron pipes found on the shores of nearby Lake Toson. Those are also available in a range of lengths and diameters, some reaching above the water surface, others buried below.
Intrigued by these out of place artifacts, the Beijing Institute of Geology analyzed the pipes using a technique called thermoluminescence. This method allowed them to determine when the pipes were last subjected to high temperatures. Analysis revealed the pipes must have been crafted over 150,000 years ago.
And the mystery deepens even further. Analysis performed at a government-operated smeltery couldn’t determine all the exact compounds forming the pipes. Although the pipes were made up of ferric oxide, silicon dioxide and calcium oxide, they also contained 8% of an unknown material.
There is no easy way to explain this mind-boggling discovery. Human presence in the region can be tracked back to 30,000 years ago but was mainly composed of nomadic tribes. It would have been impossible for a primitive society to leave behind such an advanced structure.
There are a lot of experts who proposed their theories regarding why someone built such a huge pipeline struture and what was the purpose behind it. One of these theories is that an advanced civilization have built some sort of facility that needed coolant, and the pipelines are the only thing they left there.
An interesting thing about this story is that the lake water is salty. Furthermore, a freshwater lake is also located in the vicinity but they didn’t lay any pipelines to it. So, the question is that what they were trying to do with the saltwater?
The answer could be electrolysis. The salt water breaks down into orxygen and hydrogen when an electric current is passed through it. Oxygen and hydrogen are very important products for any civilization. So, maybe they were looking for one of them?
Another theory proposed by various geologists is that it could be a natural formation. “It’s very unusual, but it could be a natural structure,” said by a group of geologists.
At the end, all of these theories are just an effort to explain something that simply doesn’t fit with our currently accepted system of beliefs.
One thing is certain – until history is rewritten, anomalous artifacts such as the Baigong Pipes have no place in conventional textbooks.
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